TRACK 01: HEALTH AND CITIES
One of the hot topics is related to analyzing and studying the relationship between health and the urban environment, through a variety of professionals, including architects and urban planners, landscapists, geographers, engineers, doctors, nurses, nutritionists, epidemiologists, sanitarians, public administrators, and others. Urban health has been of concern to the World Health Organization (WHO) since the mid-1980s. The WHO Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, published in 1986, has been considered as a milestone for this discussion.
City planning works with a complexity of infrastructure plans and systems, environmental issues, population growth, economic activities, and others, whose dynamics generate impacts on the health of its inhabitants, with risks connected that can be observed and worked in the perspective of solutions or problems determined by the built environment. At present, other phenomena such as migrations, the refugee crisis and the increase in precarious settlements have brought other important and necessary implications in the area of global health.
Studies on the health situation in cities and towns comprise disciplines and diverse approaches that compose a set of complementary observations necessary for the debate of public policies, with a health approach in different scales and segments of the population, from urban to housing. In this sense, the theme of habitat and healthy housing, created by PAHO / WHO since 1985, articulates studies on the influence of external factors on built environments, and their consequences of risk and vulnerability on human and environmental health.
The understanding and study of these cause-effect mediations, that is, how intervention occurs in the external and internal space, in the individual and the collective, can be a way of reducing the inequalities and social inequities of the health-disease process. This theme is expected to contribute to the broad understanding of health proposed by WHO, in line with the axes indicated by UIA 2020, but with the privileged view of architects and urban planners.
TRACK 02: ARCHITECTURE FOR HEALTH
This track is to discuss experiences regarding architects' training and professional practice, related to health issues. These experiences can be presented as theoretical studies the form or professional practice based -such as projects of health equipment innovation, adaptation, renovation, requalification, retrofit, as well as in the form of structural projects, new technologies, materials, among others, for different health environments, such as hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, sanatoriums, health posts, biomedical research laboratories, teaching and development, pharmaceutical industry and other related spaces.
Health buildings use to be a challenge to architectural professional activity, which contacts him/her with equipment, technological solutions, materials, flows, etc. Modern and contemporary architects consider the hospital project one of the most complexes in architecture, being the professional of this field of knowledge, the most capable of bringing together, under his direction, different professionals, such as doctors, nurses, and administrators. Such projects, which include laboratories, should be driven by guidelines for health, comfort, humanization, sustainability, maintenance facilities, without mention the aesthetic part, which supports the recovery and well-being of the patient, and the satisfaction of the multidisciplinary team that operates in the health spaces. It is also important to study healthy housing, focusing on the internal factors of risk and vulnerability in buildings and their effects considering human and environmental health, without neglecting the relationship between constructive and human pathologies.
This theme analyzes from history and culture on the formation, performance and practice of health professionals in their various fields of knowledge, added to the concerns with the preservation of the environmental patrimony. The medicine advancement often imposes changes in health settings that change their traditional setting, placing them in opposite spaces. This seminar proposes itself to be a privileged discussing field between these two practices, seeking to unite intervention with preservation.
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